The cover on the current issue is a remarkable view taken from the side of the German express liner Bremen. I found this picture on board, among several thousand others, and decided that this view of the sea itself would not be out of place as a cover.
Exploits of submarines from both sides during the First World War. This article is concluded from part 10.
A Clyde Paddle Passenger Packet
Nowhere is local shipping more keenly and critically followed than on the Clyde and its estuary. Nowhere will be found a better example of naval architecture, as far as paddle propulsion is concerned; for the Clyde is the home of the fast paddle passenger packet. The vessel illustrated below is the Talisman, one of the latest of these ships. She is engaged in excursion runs during the summer in the lower reaches of the Firth of Clyde, and on regular “packet” work in the winter. The ship maintains practically a daily schedule throughout the year, and works for the London and North Eastern Railway Company.
The Talisman bears a name coupled with tradition, her predecessor having been a famous ship. Built by A. and J. Inglis, of Pointhouse, Glasgow, who have for many years specialized in the construction of this type of craft, she has a length between perpendiculars of 215 feet, a breadth moulded - i.e. excluding the paddle-boxes shown in the drawing - of 27 ft 6 in, a depth moulded of 8 ft 9 in and a draught of only 5 ft 2 in. She has seven water-tight bulkheads, and can carry a total of 1,259 passengers, having been built to the requirements of the Steam 3, 4 and 5 Certificates of the Board of Trade. There are two decks fore and aft, on which t he passenger accommodation is arranged in large restaurants, smoking-rooms, shelters and saloons. On the main deck, streamlined in conformity with modern practice, is a big shelter for first-class passengers forward and for third-class passengers aft. Above this is the navigating bridge, behind the stump mast and gracefully raking funnel.
The ship has a counter stern in which is arranged an all-electric steering gear. This is a novel feature for Clyde ships, as indeed is the propulsion of the vessel as a whole; for the Talisman is driven by an enormous electric motor with two armatures situated on the main deck, and driving the paddle-wheels direct. This motor, manufactured by the English Electric Company, of Stafford, is capable of a total output of 1,300 bhp at some 48 to 50 rpm, and is known as a shunt-wound type. To supply current to the motor there are four diesel engines, each having a normal output of 400 bhp at 600 rpm. The Talisman is a fast vessel, and on her trials made over seventeen knots.
A brave endeavour to fore the last link in the discovery of the North-West Passage led to a series of amazing events and to the setting of a tragic riddle that has not yet been solved. On May 19 1846, Captain Sir John Franklin (shown left), famous Arctic explorer, sailed from England to complete the discovery of the North-West Passage. Two ships and over 120 men vanished. For many years search parties roamed the northern ice wastes striving to solve the mystery which to-day can only partly be explained. This chapter is written by Lieut.-Com. R T Gould and is the third article in the series Epics of Exploration. It is concluded in part 12.
Braving Almost Certain Death
Lieutenant Norman D Holbrook in 1914 took the obsolescent submarine B11 (above) into the Dardanelles and sank the 9,120 tons battleship Messudieh. The submarine, although she was attacked, and was forced to traverse a minefield, eventually returned successfully to her base. For this exploit Holbrook was awarded the Victoria Cross, and everybody else in the vessel was awarded either a DSC or DSM.
Racing at Two Miles a Minute
Man’s ability to travel at two miles a minute on water is a wonderful achievement which is a direct result of years of experiment and keen rivalry in international boat racing. This is the story of the racing motor boat from the single horse-power vessel of the last century to the modern 7,800 horse-power Miss America X, with her record speed of 124.86 miles an hour. This chapter not only describes the many amazing international duels for the World’s Speed record, but also includes a wealth of information about the boats which have been driven by celebrities such as Kaye Don, Sir Henry Segrave, and Commodore Gar Wood. The article is by Sidney Howard.
At the beginning of 1936 the world’s fastest single-engined boat was Miss Britain III, driven, built and owned by Mr Hubert Scott-Paine. Her hull was of aluminium alloy, her length 24 ft 6 in, and her beam 8 feet. The single Napier engine developed 1,375 brake-horse-power at 3,600 rpm. In 1934 Miss Britain III set up the remarkable record of 110.11 miles and hour at Genoa.
A Home of British Shipping
Liverpool, Great Britain's premier port for exports, had contributed largely to the progress of British overseas trade, and her name is woven into the pattern of maritime history. To-day millions of tons of shipping arrive and depart annually from the docks which are renowned the world over. This story gives a vivid impression of the vast extent and activity of the port. Liverpool claims to handle the largest export trade in Great Britain. In 1933 the total value of imports and export merchandise which passed through this port amounted to over £236,000,000. The Liverpool Docks stretch for six and a half miles along the River Mersey, and the area of the docks and basins is about 477 acres. On the Cheshire side of the river are the Birkenhead Docks - under the same authority - which have a water area of about 182 acres. This article is by H G Castle and is the third in the series Great Ports of the World. It includes a photogravure section which is illustrated below.
The Landing Stage
THE LANDING STAGE at Liverpool (left), at which the largest vessels can berth at all states of the tide. The first floating stage was built in 1847. The present one was completed in 1876, and extensions have been made since so that its total length is now nearly half a mile. The landing Stage is carried on the water on some 200 iron pontoons. It is held in position by bridges and booms. The deck level is about 6 feet to 8 feet above the water. For ferry passengers fixed gangways are provided; for big ships moveable gangways are used, and high-level bridges, adapted to the towering decks of ocean giants. On different parts of the structure are post, telephone and custom offices.
A View of the Gladstone Docks System
Completed in 1927, the Gladstone Graving Dock, used also as a wet dock, cost nearly £500,000 to build, and its water area is 3 acres 2,585 square yards. The main Gladstone Dock - used by the biggest ships visiting Liverpool -has a water area of 24 acres, 3,464 square yards. Of the two branch docks, one has a water area of 11 acres, 3,950 square yards, the other an area of 13 acres 520 square yards.
An Aerial View of the Dockland Along the River Mersey
VESSELS SAIL FROM LIVERPOOL to ports all over the world. In 1934 the number of vessels entering the port was 17,499 and in 1933 the value of export and import merchandise handled by Liverpool amounted to £236,678,813. Here is a splendid aerial view of a large portion of the 6½ miles stretch of dockland along the River Mersey. In this picture can be seen the twin towers of the seventeen-stories Liver Building, which is opposite the Landing Stage.
Romantic Sailing Coasters
Until recently one of the commonest type of craft to be seen round British shores was the sailing coaster, which has played an important part in the development of merchant ships. The article is by Frank Bowen.
(Left) BUILT AT EAST GREENWICH IN 1912, the Vicunia is a sailing barge plying on coastal routes and taking aboard various cargoes such as brick and timber. Her registered tonnage is 75.