This week’s cover of Shipping Wonders of the World shows a scene on board the Kaiser, of the Hamburg-Amerika line. The white band that divides the red from the black of her funnel must be painted every other day if it is to be kept spotless, and our picture shows men doing this. The Kaiser, 1,900 tons gross, was built in 1905, and she is 303 ft 1 in long, with a beam of 38 ft 5 in and a depth of 13 ft 3 in.
(Left) CAPTURED OFF RIO DE JANEIRO by Count von Luckner in the Seeadler, the British four-masted barque Pinmore was sailed into Rio for provisions by the Germans. When she rejoined the Seeadler she was sunk by a bomb. The Pinmore, 2,431 tons gross, was built at Port Glasgow in 1882. She had a length of 310 feet and a beam of 43 ft 8 in.
The elegant lines of the sister ships Georgic and Britannic make them among the most striking modern vessels afloat. They are regularly engaged on the transatlantic services and are two of the largest motor-driven ships in the world. Although compare with, for example, the
Queen Mary or the Bremen, neither the Georgic nor the Britannic is a large ship, they are, however, two of the world’s largest motor ships. The Britannic has a gross tonnage of 26,943, is 683 ft 7 in in length between perpendiculars, and has a moulded breadth of nearly 82½ feet. Her moulded depth is 52 ft 10 in. She is the third White Star ship of that name, the first having been built in 1874; the second, also a White Star ship, was built in 1914. The latter ship was employed as a hospital ship during the war of 1914-18 and was sunk by a mine in the Aegean Sea on November 21, 1916. The Britannic and the Georgic are sister ships, but the Georgic has a slightly larger tonnage. This chapter is by Peter Duff and is the seventh article in the series the World’s Largest Ships. A photograph of the Georgic under construction appeared in part 2.
The Georgic and the Britannic
IN THE GLADSTONE DOCK, LIVERPOOL, the sister ships, the Georgic, 27,759 tons gross, and the Britannic, 26,943 tons gross, appear to be identical. Their dimensions are identical but their gross tonnage differs. Their appearance differs only in that the Georgic (on the right of this photograph) has a curved streamlined bridge front and the Britannic a straight bridge front. Either vessel is 683 ft 7 in long, with a moulded beam of 82 ft 5 in and a moulded depth of
The protection of food supply ships is always of paramount importance to a nation at war. The convoy system in various forms has been adopted for this purpose by almost very maritime nation since sea transport began. The possibility of starvation in a country that depends on overseas supplies for the greater part of its foodstuffs is always to be taken into account. The first duty of the Navy is considered to be the protection of commerce, especially the food ships. This can be done by the protection of merchant ships through the danger areas by means of a system of convoys. This article is by Frank Bowen.
Escorting a Treasure Ship
ESCORTING A TREASURE SHIP. This photograph was taken from HM destroyer Veteran, which escorted the P & O liner Ranpura, 16,688 tons gross, on a stage of her journey to China with priceless art treasures on board. The precious cargo had been exhibited at the unique Chinese Art Exhibition at Burlington House, London, in 1935-36. The Ranpura ran aground off Gibraltar, and experienced stormy weather during most of her passage. HMS Veteran has a speed of 34 knots and her turbines have a designed shaft horse-power of 27,000.
Greyhounds of the Fleet: Photogravure Supplement
THE SPEED OF A DESTROYER is well illustrated by this striking photograph of HMS Umpire. She was completed in August 1917, and was placed out of commission ten years later. HMS Umpire was 265 feet long between perpendiculars and 276 feet overall. She had a beam of 26 ft 9 in and a maximum draught of 11 ft 9 in. Her displacement was 1,091 tons.
One Canal Crosses Another
ONE CANAL CROSSES ANOTHER. A unique aqueduct carries the Bridgewater Canal across the Manchester Ship Canal between Barton and Manchester. The aqueduct is built in the form of a swing bridge to allow ocean-going ships to pass through. The swing bridge consists of a trough which forms a continuous section of the Bridgewater canal when the bridge is closed. Hydraulically operated “wedges” keep the water in the trough when the bridge is swung open. The aqueduct is 235 feet long, 23 ft 9 in wide and 33 feet high. In this photograph Barton road bridge is seen behind the aqueduct.
Voyages of Vasco da Gama
Six years after Christopher Columbus had sailed across the unknown Atlantic, Vasco da Gama, another great navigator, discovered the sea route to India by way of the Cape of Good Hope. This chapter is by Sidney Howard and is the fourth article in the series on Supreme Feats of Navigation.
A Convoy Assembling off Gibraltar in 1918
ASSEMBLING OFF GIBRALTAR IN 1918. Convoys consisting of many types of vessel were formed to ensure the safe transit of the food supply ships upon which the lives of all inhabitants of Great Britain depended during the war of 1914-18. The Gibraltar convoys lost only 1½ per cent of their number, and of nearly 17,000 vessels that made up the total ocean convoys nearly 99 per cent reached their destination safely.
Greyhounds of the Fleet
The destroyers of the Royal Navy are among the fastest vessels afloat. Their main duty in wartime is to screen the battle fleet, especially from enemy submarines and destroyers, and, if necessary, to make torpedo attacks. This chapter is by Hector Bywater and is the seventh article in the series The Navy Goes to Work.
A DESTROYER OF THE ‘ADMIRALTY MODIFIED W’ TYPE, HMS Veteran was completed in November 1919. There were fourteen destroyers of this type built in the period 1919-24 and laid down under the War Emergency Programme of 1918. They have an average displacement of 1,120 tons, with a length of 300 feet between perpendiculars, a beam of 29 ft 6 in and a mean draught of 10 ft 10 in. HMS Veteran has a thick fore funnel and a thin after Funnel.
The city of Manchester is nearly forty miles from the sea, but the enterprise of building the great waterway known as the Manchester Ship Canal has made this city one of the leading commercial ports in Great Britain. The Ship Canal, over thirty-five miles long, connects the city with the sea and, though technically it is a canal, it serves the purpose of an elongated harbour. Running through Cheshire into Lancashire, it provides a passage to the terminal docks at Manchester and extensive deep-water facilities for large ocean-going vessels. This chapter is by A C Hardy and is the ninth article in the series on World Waterways.
The Manchester Ship Canal - 2
THE MODE WHEEL LOCKS bring the Ship Canal to its total height of 70 feet above mean sea-level. The larger of the two locks is 600 feet long and 65 feet wide, and the smaller 350 feet long and 45 feet wide.
ALONGSIDE TRAFFORD WHARF in the dock system at Manchester lie the Manchester Regiment, 5,989 tons gross, in the foreground, and next to her the Cyprian Prince, 3,071 tons gross.
THE PORT OF MANCHESTER is regularly used by freighters on American services. On the right of this photograph is the Pacific Exporter, a twin-screw vessel of 6,723 tons gross. She is 435 ft 10 in long, with a beam of 60 ft 3 in and a depth of 29 feet. In the foreground on the left is the Banffshire, 6,479 tons gross.
In Heavy Weather
A DESTROYER IN HEAVY WEATHER is not a comfortable ship to be in. This photograph shows HMS Thruster rolling in heavy seas off Alexandria in the Mediterranean Sea. Due to be sold in 1936, HM destroyer Thruster was laid down under the Emergency War Programme in 1918. With a displacement of 900 tons, she has a length between perpendiculars of 265 feet, a beam of 26 ft 9 in and a mean draught of 10 ft 8 in.
A NORWEGIAN MOTOR TANKER, the Storaas, was built in 1929 at Gothenburg, Sweden. She is a twin-screw vessel of 7,886 tons gross, and has a length of 441 ft 3 in. Her beam is 59 ft 3 in and her moulded depth is 35 feet. The Storaas is Norwegian owned and registered at Lavik, on Sogne Fjord on the west coast of Norway.
A Fort at Mombasa
AN ANCIENT PORTUGUESE FORTRESS at Mombasa on the east coast of Africa. This fort, now known as Fort Jesus, is on the spot reached by Vasco da Gama on Palm Sunday, 1498, under the guidance of two Arab pilots.
A maritime nation such as Norway produces a fine type of sailor, and the descendants of the ancient Vikings run exceedingly efficient world-wide sea transport services that rival those of any other nation. This chapter is by Frank Bowen and is the fourth article in the series Sea Transport of the Nations.